International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition

International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition


International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition
Vol. 6, Issue 3 (2021)

Quality attributes of maize-based supplementary diets in the in vitro for the management of moderately acute malnourished children


Adesanmi Raymond Ade, Okorie Ijioma John, Nwamarah Joy Ugo

Background and Aims: Moderate Acute Malnutrition (MAM) is a major global health problem threatening the life of approximately 33 million children and affects 15% of under- five children in sub-Saharan Africa. The efforts to reduce the burden of severe acute malnutrition and drop child mortality rate require appropriate dietary management of MAM through promotion of an affordable, readily available and locally produced supplementary food. The aim of this study was therefore to formulate and evaluate the quality of locally produced maize-peanut and maize-soybean supplementary food. Methods: Maize-peanut and maize-soybean composite flours were produced using standard procedure, packed in air tight polyethylene bags. Maize-Peanut {MPN} (182 g) and Maize-Soybean {MSB} (171.2 g) were re-constituted to slurry using 1,300 ml of water, 8 g of sugar and 8.4 g of vegetable oil. Proximate composition, minerals, vitamins, anti-nutritional and phytochemical composition, aflatoxin and microbiological assays and sensory properties were determined using standard analytical methods. Result: Proximate composition was moisture (74.62%±0.02; 69.11%±0.01), crude protein (7.59%±0.02; 7.19%±0.02), crude fat (3.81%±0.02; 4.79%± 0.04), crude fiber (0.17%±0.02; 0.28%±0.03), ash (0.11%±0.02; 0.10%±0.02), carbohydrate (88.31%±0.02; 87.63%±0.06) and energy (417.96±0.08; 424.05±0.22) Kcal for MSB and MPN gruels, respectively. The mineral contents were calcium (14.15±0.00; 11.81±0.00) mg, iron (5.54±0.00; 4.84±0.00) mg, zinc (3.98±0.00; 3.13±0.00) mg, and iodine (297.33±1.16; 293.00±2.00) µg for MSB and MPN gruels, respectively. Vitamin contents of MSB and MPN gruels were B1 (2.30±0.02; 2.22±0.03) mg, B3(0.08 ±0.02; 0.06 ±0.03) mg, B9 (300.00±26.46; 150.00±17.32) mg, A (1.24±0.05; 1.13±0.04) RE, and K (0.86±0.02; 1.98±0.02) µg, respectively. Tannin (0.90±0.03; 0.93±0.02) %, saponin (0.30±0.04; 0.34±0.03) %, oxalate (0.24±0.02; 0.11±0.01) mg and alkaloid (0.12±0.02; 0.10±0.02) mg contents were not significantly different between MSB and MPN gruels. Conclusion: The formulation diets are suitable as supplementary food for the management of moderate malnutrition in children6-59 months, they provided all the required macro and micronutrients as recommended for children under this condition.
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