Millets crop role in food and nutritional security of India
Phool Chand Meena, Prem Chand Meena
The Millets crop also a form an important component of the rainfed traditional cropping systems and contribute significantly to food, fodder, health, nutritional and livelihood security to millions of households, particularly the small/marginal farmers and the inhabitants of rain fed/remote tribal regions. Millets are sustainable crops due to, 2.5 times lesser water requirement than rice, tolerance to high temperature (up to 46 degree centigrade) and soil salinity. They can well fit in any multiple cropping systems due to their short life cycle and wide range of adaptability coastal to hilly agro-ecosystem). Due to change in governmental policies and dietary habits and drudgery in preparation, overall millet consumption in India has declined over the years. Hence, there is need for development of technology that makes millet value added products along with awareness about millets health benefits.