Food based strategies to combat micronutrient malnutrition
Interest in micronutrient malnutrition has increased greatly over the last few years. In addition to the more obvious clinical manifestations, micronutrient malnutrition is responsible for a wide range of non-specific physiological impairments, leading to reduced resistance to infections, metabolic disorders, and delayed or impaired physical and psychomotor development. The World Health Organization (WHO) considers that more than 2 billion people worldwide suffer from vitamin and mineral deficiencies, primarily iodine, iron, vitamin A and zinc, with important health consequences (WHO, 2006). The present paper addresses the issue of combating malnutrition through food based approaches.