Nutrient composition of avocado fruits of selected cultivars grown in Kerala
Subha S Nair, Dr. Anitha Chandran C
Avocado or butter fruit is a tropical ever green climacteric fruit scientifically known as Persea americana, which belongs to the family Lauraceae. Studies had shown that avocado is a fruit rich in monounsaturated fatty acids and phytochemicals. This property of the fruit enable the population to use it as therapeutic as well as healthy fruit. The nutrient compositions of four avocado cultivars which were grown in Wayanad districts of Kerala were studied. The cultivars selected for the study includes Purple hybrid, Fuerte, Kallar round and Pollock. The cultivar Pollock reported to have the highest fat content of 20.2g/100g of fresh fruit. Maximum acidity was noted in kallar round (5.76%). The cultivar Pollock exhibited highest carbohydrate content (7.40g/100g) and protein content of (1.32g/100g). Total mineral content of avocado cultivars were ranged between 1.02g- 1.22g/100g and cultivars such as Pollock (0.80 mg/100g) and Fuerte (525 mg/100g) exhibited highest content of Na and K respectively. The calcium content of the fruits were ranged from 9mg/100g to 9.8mg/100g.