Food preference and body mass index of elderly in Port Harcourt, Nigeria as an index of their nutritional status in Nigeria
Wordu GO, Akusu MO, Kinn-Kabari DB
In order to minimize malnutrition among the elderly and to optimize their health, research is needed to establish dietary preference and anthropometric that are useful for judging the nutritional status of the older persons in Port Harcourt municipality who has lived continuously for at least five years in Port Harcourt. 250 elderly subjects aged 60 years and above were randomly selected for the study. A structured questionnaire was used to elicit relevant information from the subjects. Data was analyzed using simple descriptive statistics. The result showed most of the elderly subjects to be within age of 60-65 years (71.6%). More than half of the elderly (53.2%) were obese with BMI values > 30kg/m2 and more of them were underweight. Although this study using MBI, documented few of the elderly subjects of study to be at nutritional risk, a high level of obesity was revealed among them. Thus, there is the need to educate these groups of respondents on the dangers associated with obesity.