Breast feeding practices in Chandigarh and Sri Ganganagar: A comparative study
Dr. Ritu Pradhan, Divya
Background: Optimum Breast feeding practices play a critical role in improving child survival and decreasing Malnutrition. Objective: To study and compare breast feeding practices in Chandigarh and Sri ganganagar. Methodology: A total of 500 mothers respondents having infants less than 2 years were included purposively for study, Chandigarh (n=269) and Sriganganagar (n=231). Data collection was done using a standardised questionnaire developed by WHO, UNICEF and USAID (2010) modified to suit the objectives of the present study. Questionnaire covered parameters like socio demographic profile, knowledge and practices followed for breastfeeding like colostrum feeding, exclusive breast feeding duration of breastfeeding, prelacteal feeds and initiation of breast feeding etc. Results: More than 93%, and 55%, reported having knowledge regarding colostrum and exclusive breast feeding respectively. 47.4% were initiated breast feeding within 1hour of delivery and 35.4% mothers reported giving prelacteal feeds within 72 hours of birth. Conclusion: Concentrated efforts for awareness generation need to be continued to maintain existing improvement and better for obtaining improved results. Adequate steps must be ensured for effective communication and implementation of IYCF guidelines at all levels particularly at grass root levels should be emphasized for desired behaviour change and effective outcome. Effective implementation of IYCF guidelines will go a long way in improving child survival and health status indicators in our country too.