Development and quality assessment of horse gram based instant dosa mix
Haripriya A, Lidiya Mercy S
Introduction: Horse gram is an underutilized pulse crop grown in wide range of adverse climatic conditions. It occupies an important place in human nutrition and has rich source of protein, minerals, and vitamins. The importance of horse gram was well recognized by the folk/alternative/traditional medicine as a potential therapeutic agent. The use of dry seeds of horse gram is limited due to their poor cooking quality and the presence of anti-nutritional factors in horse gram is a matter of concern. The present study is to develop an instant dosa mix with horse gram incorporated in it. It also focus to understand the impact of germination and autoclaving in addition to germination on the selected nutrient and anti-nutrient profile of the dosa mix developed. Methodology: Horse gram was subjected to germination and autoclaving in addition to germination and this was used to make the dosa mix. The prepared horse gram dosa mix was subjected to selected nutrients analysis, total polyphenols and phytic acid analysis. Functional properties of the dosa mix were also studied. Dosa were prepared from all the variations and subjected to sensory analysis. Results: The horse gram dosa mix prepared with pre-treated horse gram had a good nutrient profile. There was an increase in the carbohydrate, protein and calcium content, whereas there was a decrease in the iron content due to the pre-treatments. A decrease in the phytic acid and polyphenol content was observed on germination and autoclaving. In the current study a significant decrease (p<0.05) in the bulk density and a significant increase (p<0.05) in WAC and OAC of germinated horse gram dosa mix and germinated & autoclaved dosa mix was observed. Horse gram dosa mix with either of pre-treatments- germination or germination & autoclaving can be prepared to retain the health benefits of horse gram in our diet.