Legumes diversity in Chamba block, district Tehri Garhwal (Western Himalaya) with reference to their economic importance and yield
PS Chauhan, Suman Bhisht
The legumes are next in importance to cereals as serve of human food. It provides the much needful proteins to our predominantly vegetarian population. Legumes have been an important crop; ever since man started domestication of plants have been part of cultural heritage. Legumes play an important role not only in food security, but also contribute to the increase in soil fertility in terms of increasing organic manure content in the soil as well as by fixing of atmospheric nitrogen thereby increase productivity of soil in terms of yield of the substance crop or cropping system as a whole. Chamba block is high producing area of the legumes crops in the district Tehri Garhwal (Uttarakhand). The six major villages and ten families from each village were selected for data collection. Production sample of each crop have been taken from the different villages and average production rate of cultivated crop have been calculated. Matar in winter season while as urd and gahat in summer season are common growing crops. These crops showed high average production rate but lowest production rate have been observed in moong, sunta and channa in comparison to other legume.