Effect of lemon grass powder on performance, carcass and meat quality characteristics of goats fed cassia seed meal
MI Okoruwa, OM Edoror
The study was carried out to determine the effect of lemon grass powder on performance, carcass and meat quality characteristics of goats fed diets comprising different levels of cassia seed meal. Twenty four West African dwarf male goats aged between 8 and 9 months were randomly assigned to four dietary treatments with six goats each. They received basal diet of grass hay supplemented with diets that contained 2% of lemon grass powder with cassia seed meal of 0, 5, 10 and 15% for diets CSM 0% (control group), CSM 5%, CSM 10% and CSM 15% respectively. Results obtained show that crude protein with daily feed intakes, feed conversion ratio, eating rate, chilling with cooking losses, rumen and large intestine were significantly (P<0.05) higher in diet CSM 0% than other diets. Diet CSM 10% was higher significantly (P<0.05) in crude fibre intake, weight gain, crude protein with fibre digestibility, cooking yield, dressing percentage, fat and water retention with overall acceptability but ruminating rate was better in CSM 15%. Significant difference (P>0.05) did not occur in intake with digestibility of ash, percentage weight of kidney, liver, spleen, flavour and appearances. In conclusion, the addition of 2% lemon grass powder to diets containing 5% or 10% cassia seed meal improved performance, carcass and meat quality characteristics of goats indicating that this diet can serve as alternative protein supplement to poor quality forages.