A study on maternal nutrition of pregnant women in Bihar
BR Abha Ayushree, Sunita Kumari, Usha Singh
Background: Studies have stated that inadequate nutrition during pregnancy is the main cause of maternal and infant mortality in India. Thus, balanced dietary intake by the pregnant mothers seemed to be an important determinant for reduction in infant and maternal morbidity and mortality rates in India. Aim of The Study: To record the dietary intake of the respondents and compare the same with the available recommended dietary allowances (RDA). Methods: A study has been carried out on pregnant women randomly selected in Pusa, Samastipur Bihar (India). 20 pregnant women of age group 18-30 years in first trimester as experiment and 20 non-pregnant women as controls participated in the study. Their nutrient intake, meal patterns and consumption of foods from various food groups was recorded through an interview schedule and 24 hour recall method. Results: About 75% of the pregnant women consumed two meals per day and 25 per cent consumed three meals per day. A significantly (P<0.05) higher consumption of pulses and legumes, cereals and millets, GLV‘s, fruits, sugar and jaggery, fats and oils, meat, fish, poultry products, milk and milk products was observed in the experimental group in contrast to control group because of increased dietary intake during pregnancy. Consumption of different nutrients like energy, protein, fat, β-carotene, vitamin-C, folic acid, calcium and iron was significantly (P<0.05) higher among experimental group as compared to RDA. Conclusion: The study concludes that mean daily intake of food and nutrients increases during pregnancy than normal condition as compared to RDA.