International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition

International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition


International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition
International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition
Vol. 5, Issue 4 (2020)

Food consumption pattern of primary school children aged 10-12 years residing in rural and Urban Areas of Bikaner District (Rajasthan)


Rita Mishra, Princy Gautam

Food consumption pattern fundamentally reflects nutrition well beung of individuals and meal pattern is defined by the culture and food availability. The cereals intake of 10-12-year-old rural and urban boys and girls was found to 203.12 & 205.07, 190.71 & 183.45, against 330 g& 270g suggested intake, indicating 61.55 & 62.14, 70.63 & 67.95 per cent adequacy completely. The difference in the cereal intake of rural and urban subjects of both the groups was noted to be significant at 5 per cent level of significance. The pulses intake of 10-12 years old rural and urban boy and girl subjects was found to be the per cent adequacy of pulse intake was found to be, 33.73 to 38.66 and 39.35 to 36.24 per cent respectively against 60g suggested intake per day. Table 1 & 2 clearly indicates that urban subjects had better pulses intake than their rural counterparts. Mean pulse intake of urban subjects was noted to be significantly higher (p< 0.01) than their rural counterparts. The suggested intake of green leafy vegetables for 10-12 years old boys and girls is 100 gm per day. But rural and urban boys and girls were having only 15.86 &13.40 & 13.77, 11.67, per cent adequacy for their green leafy vegetables intake. The difference in the green leafy vegetable intake of rural and urban subjects of both the groups was noted to be significant at 1 per cent level of significance The root and tuber intake of 10-12 year old boy and girl subjects rural and urban subjects represented 35.65&34.32, 32.74 &30.68 per cent adequacy for roots and tubers intake. The 10-12 years old boy and girl subjects from rural and urban areas indicated 40.28 & 28.95 per cent and 36.09 & 30.34 per cent adequacy for the consumption of other vegetables. Mean other vegetable intakes of urban subjects were noted to be significantly higher (p<0.01) than their counterparts. Per cent adequacy of fruit consumption for 10-12 years of age group for rural and urban boy and girl subjects ranged from 53.72 & 46.30, 38.19 & 34.90, per cent respectively. The difference in the fruit’s intake of rural and urban subjects of both the subjects was noted to be significant at 1 per cent level of significance. Boys of 10-12 years age group from rural and urban areas showed 203.24 & 194.38 per cent adequacy and the girls 10-12 years from rural and urban areas of girls represented 197.96 & 187.08 per cent adequacy for the milk intake. Mean milk and milk product intake of rural subjects were noted to be significantly higher (p<0.01) than their urban counterparts. The boy and girl subjects of the elder group (10-12 years) were found to be having little more amounts of fats and oils boy and girl subjects (15.13 & 13.01g, 11.06 to 12.50g &) indicating 60.53 and 52.05, 44.26 to 50.00 & per cent adequacy respectively. The difference in the fats and oil intake of rural and urban subjects of both the age groups was noted to be significant at 1 per cent level of significance. The boy and girl subjects per day were having little more amount of sugar in their daily diets i.e. (19.74 & 18.09 g) and (15.44 to 17.08g) respectively. Mean sugar intake of boy subjects was noted to be significantly higher (p<0.01) than their girl counterparts. The subjects aged 10-12 years including both the groups of the subjects boy and girl of rural and urban areas were found to be 16.57 to 17.78g and 15.00 to 15.83g of nuts and oilseeds respectively in their daily meals. The difference in the nuts and oilseeds intake of rural and urban subjects of both the age groups was noted to be significant at 1 per cent level of significance. Irrespective of age, gender and area of study were noted to be consuming negligible amount (1.46, 1.23, 0.93, and 1.04) of meat and poultry products. Finding present study indicates there is a great scope to improve the food consumption patter and food knowledge to the subjects.
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