International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition

International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition


International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition
International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition
Vol. 4, Issue 1 (2019)

Assessment of vitamin a status and anthropometry among school age children (6-12 years) in aba north local government area, Abia state, Nigeria


Oguizu AD, Ikwunze CF

Vitamin A deficiency is a serious and widespread public health problem in developing countries. This research was conducted in Aba North local Government Area of Abia State, to determine the prevalence of vitamin A deficiency among school age children (6-12 years). The survey also incorporates food consumption, nutrition survey and anthropometry. A total of one hundred and sixty children were randomly selected from public and private schools in the area. About 20% of the population had their blood samples collected by venepuncture. Spectrophotometric method of ultraviolet destruction of vitamin A was used for determination of serum vitamin A levels. On their weight-for-age scores, 100% of the subjects were normal. For the height-for-age scores, 0.6% were stunted. For the BMI-for-age; 1.3% were overweight, 1.3% were obese while 97.4% were within the normal range. No subject was wasted. For vitamin A status, about 25% of the males and 56.2% females had high serum retinol levels. 25.5% females and 50% males had adequate serum retinol levels, while 12.5% males and 6.2% females had very high serum retinol level. However, 6.2% females had a low serum retinol level. Widespread Vitamin A supplementation, fortification of staple foods, activities of international agencies in checkmating vitamin A deficiency, promotion of exclusive breast feeding as well as awareness and consumption of Vitamin A rich foods could all have had bearing on the results observed in the study area.
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