Review article on integrated pest management versus profile characteristics of the farmers
Santhi Sri KV, Sivannarayana G, Sravanim Simhadri
This study was conducted in Prakasam District of Andhra Pradesh to assess integrated pest management practices in relation with profile characteristics of the farmers. In our country, a large number of insects have been recorded feeding on red gram crop. Among various pests, pod borers which attack during reproductive phase are highly destructive causing huge losses to a tune of 52.4 % in yield in Southern states of India. Among the pod borers the gram pod borer, Helicoverpa armigera, the spotted pod borer, Maruca testulalis Geyer and the pod fly, Melanagromyza obtuse cause serious damage in South India. To reduce the incidence of insect pests in pulse crops and improve their productivity, adoption of integrated pest management (IPM) is more relevant in these crops. Integrated pest management is a boon to the farmers as well as society by reducing environmental pollution and giving financial benefit. This integrated Pest management practices are influenced by profile characteristics of the farmers. When this association was tested, the results revealed that there was significant difference between IPM and non IPM villages according to Education, social participation, mass media exposure, extension contact, scientific orientation, economic orientation at 5% Level of significance. With regard to farm size, achievement motivation and innovativeness, farmers of IPM and non-IPM villages were not differ significantly.