Bio accessibility of minerals in some plantain and banana hybrids grown in Nigeria
Kiin-Kabari DB, Agoha A
The mineral compositions, digested mineral and percentage soluble minerals were investigated in three banana hybrids (FHIA 34, FHIA 21 and FHIA 17) and three plantain cultivars grown in Nigeria (Ogoni red, Two-fingers and Agbagba). The total mineral composition of the three plantain and banana hybrids evaluated showed that iron, potassium, zinc and sodium contents of FHIA 17 differed significantly (P<0.05) from the local agbagba and all other hybrids. All the hybrids differed significantly (P<0.05) in calcium composition from each other, with Ogoni red given the highest calcium content of 448.19mg/g. FHIA 17 and Two-fingers with iron and sodium content of 29.19mg/g; 27.31mg/g and 496.34mg/g; 363.57mg/g, respectively, were significantly (P<0.05) higher than the rest of the hybrids. The percentage soluble minerals in the hybrids showed that all minerals differed significantly (P<0.05) in solubility, with calcium (95.17%) in agbagba and magnesium (32.57%) in Two-fingers as the highest and least soluble minerals, respectively. The results showed that the local plantain and banana hybrids could serve as better replacement for other high calorie foods in terms of their nutritional composition. The use of local hybrids in food product development as supplements or even full meals may help consumers to select foods that will moderate the overall dietary impact.