Vol. 3, Issue 4 (2018)
A correlative study of nutritional assessment and blood glucose level of middle aged adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus
Author(s): Rashmi R, Dr. Navaneetha R
Abstract: This study aims at assessing the dietary pattern of middle aged adults (40-60 years) with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. It focuses on correlating the dietary pattern of the subjects with their blood glucose parameters. A sample of 100 middle aged adults with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus were selected from a diabetic centre in Bangalore city using random sampling technique. Data was collected using a questionnaire, which included basic information, anthropometric measurements, biochemical parameters, dietary pattern, food frequency questionnaire, 24 hours dietary recall, factorial estimation of total energy expenditure. Frequency of consumption of different foods and nutrient requirements was assessed. Results revealed that the Energy, Protein and Carbohydrate intake of the respondents was lower compared to the RDA and expenditure. The mean glycemic load of the meals was moderate. Intake of high glycemic foods led to increase in blood glucose level among the respondents, which may further lead to risk of co-morbidities like hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, obesity, renal problem, etc. Eating right and keeping good control over food intake can keep the blood glucose level under control and greatly reduce the risk for co-morbidities thereby increasing the quality of life and life expectancy among individuals suffering from Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.