International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition

International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition


International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition
International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition
Vol. 7, Issue 4 (2022)

Fruits and vegetables consumption among young adults and its association with socioeconomic background, clinical signs and symptoms of micronutrient deficiencies


Hansashri R, Sandra Mary Jolly, Sathya S U, Vaishnavi A, Dr. B Premagowr

Fruit and vegetables are important components of a healthy diet. Scientific evidence suggests that their regular sufficient daily intake may exert a protective effect against micronutrient deficiencies and major chronic diseases such as cardiovascular diseases and certain cancers, the main risk factors for death and diseases. Due to the shift to a busy lifestyle and numerous curricular and extracurricular activities, young adults usually overlook healthy dietary behaviours. The present study aims to assess the fruit and vegetable consumption among young adults and to explore whether or not the socioeconomic factors determine the level of consumption, and also to analyse if the latter is associated with clinical symptoms of micronutrient deficiencies. The study was conducted among 393 young adult respondents of 18-25 years of age. An online survey was conducted using detailed questionnaire and information on demographic details, anthropometry, clinical data, and F&V consumption pattern. The collected data were analysed and interpreted, and the results show that the mean intake of fruits and vegetables among young adults is only 100-200g, which is much lesser than the requirement for adults. Only 6.79% of the respondents were found to consume >300g of fruits and only 11.3% consumed >300g of vegetables. It was found that an average of one clinical sign or symptom was present among the respondents. Statistical analysis revealed that there is a positive association between the amount of F&V consumed in a day and the family monthly income of the respondents (p = 0.006; p = 0.027). It was found that there exists a significant relationship between frequency of vegetable consumption and presence of clinical signs and symptoms (p=0.030) and between amount of fruit consumption per day and presence of clinical signs and symptoms (p=0.041). The present study highlights that F&V consumption among young adults (18-25 years) is lower than the recommendation for this age group and the F&V consumption pattern is associated with their family monthly income and presence of clinical signs and symptoms of nutritional deficiencies.
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How to cite this article:
Hansashri R, Sandra Mary Jolly, Sathya S U, Vaishnavi A, Dr. B Premagowr. Fruits and vegetables consumption among young adults and its association with socioeconomic background, clinical signs and symptoms of micronutrient deficiencies. International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition, Volume 7, Issue 4, 2022, Pages 13-17
International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition