Phytochemical analysis of Citrus sinensis (Orange), Malus domestica (Apple)
Anmol Lamba, Veena Garg
Phytochemicals can be defined as any compound found in plants (the ancient Greek word phyton means plant). Phytochemicals are certain non-nutritive plant chemicals which have some disease preventive properties. However, a diverse range of biologically active compounds found in plants are often described by the term phytochemical. Phytochemicals provide colour, taste and natural pest control to plants.
Numerous epidemiological trials have demonstrated that a rich plant fruit and vegetable has important advantages for human health. These advantages include: i) reduced risk of multiple forms of cancer development, and ii) reduced risk of cardiovascular diseases. The main gain is attributed to the inclusion of phytochemicals in fruits and vegetables. Apples and oranges are widely consumed, rich phytochemical sources and epidemiological studies have combined apple consumption and several health benefits.
The present study was aimed to analyze the phytochemical constituents of Citrus sinensis (Orange) and Malus domestica (Apple). The quantitative and qualitative analysis was performed to explore the phytochemicals present in the samples of apple and orange. The study confirmed the presence of phytochemicals such as Saponins, Tannins, Flavonoids and Alkaloids in both fruits Citrus sinensis (Orange) and Malus domestica (Apple). The quantitative analysis also signified that Malus domestica (Apple) contains more quantity of phytochemicals constituents present, than Citrus sinensis (Orange). Citrus sinensis (Orange) and Malus domestica (Apple) are widely consumed fruits. The study concluded that both the fruits are rich in phytochemicals and have several health benefits.