International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition

International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition


International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition
International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition
Vol. 4, Issue 2 (2019)

Nutritional status of urban and semi-urban pre-school children of Dharwad


Mounika D, Kasturiba B

Nutrition during early childhood is of paramount importance because it is a foundation for life time health, strength and intellectual vitality. The study has been conducted with the objective to assess demographic profile and nutritional status of urban and semi-urban pre-school children of Dharwad District. A sample size of 100 pre-school children (3-6 years), where 50 children from the urban and 50 children from semi-urban areas were randomly selected from Dharwad District. The results indicated that majority of mothers and fathers of urban children had completed graduation (32% and 54%, respectively). In case of semi-urban group, majority of mothers and fathers had completed high school education (46% and 52%, respectively). Majority of mothers in urban area were house wives (46%) compared to semi-urban mothers (22%). In case of fathers, majority of urban fathers involved in self-employment category (50%) but very few per cent of fathers from semi-urban area were involved in self-employment category (22%). Nutritional status was assessed and categorised according to Water low’s classification. With respect to nutritional status, normal children were more in urban group (92%) than the semi-urban group (78%). Six per cent and 2 per cent of urban group children were stunted and wasted, respectively. Semi-urban group consists 14 per cent stunted, 6 per cent wasted and 2 per cent wasted and stunted children, respectively.
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