Fortification of cookies using Nelumbo nucifera rhizome (Lotus stem) to meet the nutritional requirement of toddlers
Khushboo, Sheetal Thakur, Davinder Singh
Micronutrient deficiencies are very common issue in toddlers due to unhealthy eating pattern. Fortification is one of the most promising method to overcome barriers of malnutrition. So, in this study Nelumbo Nucifera rhizome (Lotus stem) which is a pack of micronutrients, is fortified in cookies so that it can replace the monotonous healthy snacks which toddlers usually avoid eating. Cookies were fortified by dried lotus stem powder by replacing refined flour at proportions viz. 0 percent (control), 10 percent, 20 percent and 30 percent. Physical and proximal analysis was done of dried lotus stem powder and cookies. Sensory analysis of cookies was performed by 20 panellists (students and faculty) by using nine point Hedonic scale rating system. Statistical analysis was done in triplicates, using statistical package for the social sciences (SPSS ver. 23) software. Macronutrients showed no significant difference on addition of dried lotus stem powder in cookies expect protein which decreased slightly in Sample-3 (1.43a ±0.05g) when compared to control (1.70b ±0.10g). Significant improvement was observed in micronutrients including calcium, iron and total dietary fiber (TDF) on fortification with dried lotus stem powder. Water absorption power (WAP) increased significantly with increase in concentration of dried lotus stem powder. There is an improvement in calcium, iron and TDF in cookies on addition of dried lotus stem powder when compared to control. Cookies fortified with 30% dried lotus stem powder were found more acceptable as compared to control and other samples. So, cookies can be included in supplementary feeding programmes being run in country to decrease the impact of micronutrient deficiencies in toddlers.