Many plant species, which once played an important role in the survival of populations, especially in times of war, drought and invasion of crops by locusts, have disappeared or have become rare. Yet according to the Landscape Analysis, in 2009, about 13 % of rural households were in food insecurity. This situation shows the urgency of valorizing the spontaneous or wild food plants by a thorough study of their nutritional composition in order to increase the knowledge of the populations of these species and promote food consumption. The objective of this work is to provide an analysis (resulting in an overview) of the research on the nutritional values of wild food plants in Côte d’Ivoire. We conducted a systematic review of research on the nutritional values of wild food plants in Côte d’Ivoire based on the criteria by PRISMA GROUP. The study involved a detailed analysis of the work of research centers working on food plants. The results showed that out of 27 articles identified on spontaneous food species, for the period going from 2006 to 2014, only 4 studies examined their nutritional value. All work was carried out in urban areas, and 75% of the plant material was obtained in the markets. Only one study was dedicated exclusively to a specific plant species. Other studies have focused on samples of 3 to 20 species. Studies had no plant species in common. All the studies noted the high nutritional value of several spontaneous plant species but, the analytical methods used in these studies were generally low-achieving. Despite the difficult study conditions, all the studies established the good nutritional value of several spontaneous plant species. The use of these plant species could be part of the answer to the challenge of food security.