Evaluation of serum calcium, dietary intake and lifestyle factors in post-menopausal women
Divya Shashi Oraon, Dr. Virginia Paul, Dr. Anisha Verma
In female, at the age of 40–50 years, the monthly menstrual cycle becomes irregular, ovulation fails to occur during many cycles, and ultimately, there is cessation of the cycle which is called menopause. Indian diets are predominantly vegetarian, and the contribution of dairy products to the overall calcium intake is minimal in the lower socioeconomic classes. Aim: to assess the serum calcium, dietary calcium intake, life style factor and awareness among postmenopausal women aged more than 50-60 years. Methods: total 32 postmenopausal women aged between 50-60 years were selected for the study, anthropometric measurement using BMI, lifestyle factor, Awareness, serum calcium was recorded and compared with NCBI (2010), and nutrient intake was taken and compared with RDA, ICMR (2010). Statistical tools: Mean, frequency, percentage, standard deviation, T-test were applied. Result: serum calcium level was significantly low in age of 56-60. Most of them were vegetarian, dietary calcium intake was poor among postmenopausal women with minimal physical activity. Only, 46.87 percent women were aware about calcium and 40.62 percent women had knowledge about source of calcium. Conclusion: serum calcium level was significantly decreased in postmenopausal women aged 56-60 years than in women aged between 50-55 years of age. Poor dietary calcium intake and lack of knowledge increases the risk of osteoporosis among postmenopausal women.