The efficacy of vitamins and minerals in strengthening immune system, pre and post hospitalisation in COVID-19 and other coronavirus pandemic patients
Sana Afreen, Virginia Paul
The world is dealing with a contagious disease caused by newly identified virus named as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Coronavirus mainly targets the human respiratory system. Hence attacking the immunity system of a person. While data regarding nutrition in coronavirus infection (COVID-19) is on its way, in this review we aimed to explore the various vitamins and minerals which have been proven effective in previously occurred viral infections and epidemics (with special emphasis on respiratory infections), and also summarising the conclusion of results gained in the past 4 months from COVID-19 patients. Clinical trials conducted on COVID-19 patients using vitamins and minerals have also been summarised. The review also aims at changing the perspective towards benefits of taking vitamins and minerals on daily basis in daily diet. The study concludes that intake of a balanced diet with recommended amount of fruits and vegetables on a daily basis which provides all the essential vitamins and minerals keeps the immune system strong. Infection fighting abilities are better in subject taking a balanced diet. While in case of weakened immune system and susceptibility to life threatening diseases, including COVID-19, it has been found that large and or intravenous doses of certain vitamins and minerals have shown improvement in the patient’s condition. Hence nutritional therapy can also be used in treatment of COVID-19.