Process optimization of low cost weaning food by incorporating multigrains mixes
Monika Keshari, Thejus Jacob
Malnutrition is one of the major public health problems among children in developing countries. It affects the child at the most crucial period i.e. stage of development, which can lead to permanent impairment in later life. A number of cereals and legumes that are readily available and found to have nutrient potentials which could be enhance by germination and complement one another if properly processed and blended especially by the rural and poor mothers during weaning period. The objective of this study was to formulate composite weaning foods using cereals, legumes and analyze them for sensory attributes as well as nutrients and cost of the prepared products. Wheat Grits (WG), Maize Grits (MG), Bengal Gram Flour (BGF) was used in different levels. Four blends (treatments) were formulated and were subjected to organoleptic analysis for testing various sensory attributes via nine point hedonic scale. ANOVA was used for the statistical analysis. The nutritional composition and cost of the different formulations was evaluated. There were significant (P< 0.05) differences between overall acceptability of all the blends. T3 (WG: MG: BGF, 40:25:35) was liked very much while T0 (WG, 100), T2 (WG: MG: BGF, 50:20:30), T1 (WG: MG: BGF, 60:15:25) were moderately liked by the panel of judges. Protein, fat, moisture, ash, carbohydrate, calcium and iron were higher T3 except fibre and iron. The cost of instant baby food (Rs/ 100g) ranged from Rs 4.55-4.31 The study is part of the effort to provide home-based complementary foods that can be more cost effective to the low income families. The product could be served in the form of porridge with water/milk.