Vol. 3, Issue 6 (2018)
Nutritional status, household food security and dietary diversity of the elderly residing in Ilaro, Ogun
Author(s): Adepoju Adeyinka Bukunmi, Coker Oluwafemi Jeremiah
Abstract: Elderly often suffer from poor health which may be associated with their nutrient intake. Continuous monitoring and evaluation of the underline causes of this will help in providing necessary intervention. This study assessed the nutritional status, household food security and dietary diversity of elderly residing in Ilaro. It was a descriptive and cross sectional in design involving two hundred and twenty (220) elderly selected from Ilaro metropolis. A semi structured questionnaire was used to obtained data on socio-demographic characteristics while household food insecurity and dietary diversity was assessed using a standard questionnaire. Anthropometry measurement (Height and weight) was taken, Body Mass Index (BMI) was calculated and nutritional status indices were classified using WHO standards. Data were analyzed using Spss version 20.0. Nutritional status as assessed by BMI shows that 66.4% were normal, 25% were food secure and nearly all the respondents had minimum dietary diversity score. Significant association (p< 0.05) was observed between the level of food insecurity and socio-demographic characteristics like family structure, present occupation and estimated monthly income. High level of food insecurity was evident among the elderly in the study area. Effort should focus on improving their socio-economic status.
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