Vol. 3, Issue 4 (2018)
Gender disparity in mean nutrient intake among vegetarians and non-vegetarians
Author(s): Archana Prabhat, Khyrunnisa Begum
Abstract: Gender dimension in nutrition security includes dietary intake which reflects on the nutritional/health status of an individual. Although it depends on a host of external factors, there is an internal relationship in the nutrient intake. The objective of the study is to elucidate gender differences in nutrient intake among adult couples and to compare the nutrient intake between vegetarians and non-vegetarians. 70 couples aged 45-54 years from different socioeconomic classes (SEC) of Karkala and Moodbidri taluks formed the study population. Using diary technique, food intake data was recorded and the calculated macro and selected micronutrient compared with standards of Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA’s) compiled by National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad. Results showed a mean nutrient (Energy) intakes of male and female’s partners respectively are: 2042±369.92 and 1875±511.09Kcals, 50.30.3±8.170 and 51.27±24.569g protein, 32.4±5.997 and 56.91±20.946g fat; compared to RDA, intake of all the nutrients except fat and calcium were markedly low. Among vegetarians, the entire nutrient intake was satisfactory except for iron and non-vegetarians had a deficit in calorie intake and extremely high intake of calcium compared to the other nutrient intake which met the RDA standards. It is obvious in our findings that the nutrient intake varied between gender cohorts; however, there were few clinically significant differences in nutrient intake between adult couples which may incurs risk for nutrient deficiency.